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Bullion

Keywords

Petroleum industry, OPEC, Oil and gas, Economic development, GDP, Foreign exchange, Nigerian economy.

Abstract

The development of the petroleum industry has had both negative and positive impacts on the Nigerian economy. Two schools of thought can be examined. First, that positive impacts outweigh the negative, and secondly, the inverse. The paper will examined the impacts and analyzed the positive ones. From the approach of the study it is clear that the petroleum industry has had both negative and positive impacts on the Nigerian economy. Nigeria without petroleum could be like any other country without oil or gas, that is, import dependent. However, Nigeria with oil is the best thing that could have happened to Nigeria if the proceeds from the black gold were judiciously used and invested to develop the economy. Thus the problem was not the wealth brought by petroleum but the mismanagement of the wealth. The best recommendation for the future is to minimise the adverse impacts through credible policy reform and judicious implementation of policy measures for example. the development of the Niger Delta. ln addition the positive contributions should be maximised also through enlightened policy reforms

Author Bio

The author is a staff of Central Bank of Nigeria.

Publication Title

CBN Bullion

Issue

3

Volume

24

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