Sacrifice ratio, Disinflation, Output losses.


This study empirically investigates the existence of a sacrifice ratio for Nigeria and to measure it, if one exists over the disinflation episodes. The study adopted the Ball (1994) methodology and the Hodrick-Prescott (HP) filter technique to examine the cost of disinflation to Nigeria. Six (6) disinflation episodes were identified over the 2000Q1 – 2018Q2 period and the results obtained indicated varying amounts of output losses over the different episodes under study. The findings suggested that a 1% disinflation resulted in output losses ranging from - 0.02% to 0.44% for the Nigerian economy. Both methods, however, suggested that the latest disinflation episode (2016Q3-2018Q2) promoted output growth

Author Bio

The authors are staff of the Research Department, Central Bank of Nigeria

Publication Title

CBN Bullion







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