CBN Journal of Applied Statistics (JAS)


Apparent error rates, Maximum likelihood discriminant function, Distance based discriminant function, Fisher’s linear


This paper focuses on the robust classification procedures when the assumption of equal cost of misclassification is violated. A normal distribution based data set is generated using the Statistical Analysis System (SAS) version 9.1. Using Barlett’s approximation to chi-square, the data set was found to be homogenous and was subjected to three linear classifiers namely: Maximum Likelihood Discriminant Function (MLDF), Fisher’s linear Discriminant Function and Distance Based Discriminant Function. To Judge the performances of these procedures, the Apparent Error Rates for each procedure is obtained for different cost ratios 1:1, 1:2, 1:3, 1:4 and 1:5 and sample sizes 5:5, 10:10, 20:20, 30:30, and 50:50. The results shows that the three procedures are insensitive to cost ratio exceeding ratio 1:2 and that MLDF was observed as robust discriminant function among classification functions considered.

Author Bio

The authors are staff of National Horticultural Research Institute, Jericho Research Area, Ibadan, Nigeria. and Department of Mathematics, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi , PMB KNUST, Ghana.

Publication Title

CBN Journal of Applied Statistics







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