CBN Journal of Applied Statistics (JAS)


Fiscal decentralisation, inter-government fiscal relations, Nigeria, Human resource Development, Economic growth.


There is a widespread belief that fiscal decentralization is an effective tool for increasing the efficiency of public expenditures. Decentralization is expected to boost accountability and transparency in the provision of public goods for the well-being of the society. However, countervailing views maintain that little or no impact has been created at the periphery in terms of improving the welfare of the people in Nigeria. The main objective of this paper was to investigate how the decentralized system of expenditure impacted on human resource development in Nigeria. Using ARDL/Bounds Testing approach and data for the period 1980 to 2012, the study found that expenditure decentralization exerted negative effect on human resource development. The pattern and nature of expenditure decentralization in Nigeria, in the long-run, seemed to support inefficient application of resources with increased cost of governance rather than ensuring cost effectiveness in the provision of public services. The study recommends that transparency and accountability at all levels of government is required to make fiscal decentralization supportive of economic growth and human resource development.

Author Bio

1 Senior Lecturer, Department of Economics, University of Calabar, Calabar. Senior Programme Manager, Business Development Unit, WAIFEM, Lagos Email: elijah.udoh@yahoo.com

2 Senior Programme Manager, Macroeconomic Sector Department, WAIFEM, Lagos. Email: udomaj@yahoo.com

3 Principal Economist, Academic Office, Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Learning Centre, Lagos. Email: eudeaja@yahoo.com. Corresponding author.

Publication Title

CBN Journal of Applied Statistics







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